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    Immediately felt welcome and during the whole stay together with my dog it felt like family. The value is also very good considering the location so close to the lake and forest.

    Max and Antje are amazing, we had a great time knowing them. Our stay was very comfortable and relaxing. The house is near to the waterpark and lake which we enjoyed a lot.

    It was late in the eventing that we arrived and that was no problem at all. The welcome was very nice. Max and Antje are friendly. We had a good sleep in a good bed.

    The breakfast was ok. And the chat with Antje cheerful. A next time we will stay for a longer period. The bedroom and the bathroom were super clean, spacious and cozy.

    Breakfast was not included but there were coffee and tea in the bedroom. The neighborhood felt safe, and there were a few restaurants within walking distance.

    Perfect for myself and my son. Even more perfect as Dub - the multi pool, sauna, activity centre - was 5 mins walk away.

    Anne and Harold were great. To be fair, we passed like ships in the night as we headed straight out once we arrived, came back late after the match and headed off at 8.

    But I would definitely recommend if you are in the area. My stay was very pleasant and accommodating, anything I needed the host was more than willing to help or assist in any way they could.

    The hosts spoke English very well, this was a big help considering that I am still learning Deutsch. I would absolutely recommend these accommodations weather it be for two days or two weeks.

    We enjoyed a delicious breakfast with Anne one morning and had a good time getting to know Anne. She was very accommodating, even checking for us to see if there were tours of Gerleve Monastery.

    She also gave us directions to the bank to get some Euros. This was our first Airbnb experience and it was excellent!!

    Anne is a perfect host. She speaks perfect German: The communication was very good and she is very hospital. I can recommend the place for other travellers.

    We stayed Attics of the house, very clean Even though we stayed without any slippers, it was just alright and comfortable. Also Anne stayed on the ground floor so she kept our privacy.

    I hope many people will stay her place, highly recommend!! I will remember a good stay in this apartment. I hope that I will be able to be there in the future.

    Communication in English was very good. Detlef und Gaby sind die perfekten Gastgeber, superfreundlich und teilen die Liebe zum Revier gern.

    Hier hat einfach alles gestimmt. Die Wohnung ist zudem sehr gut gelegen, wodurch Ausflugsziele wie z. In den zwei Tagen haben wir nur Detlef kennengelernt, der aber sehr freundlich und hilfsbereit war.

    Beate ist eine hervorragende und sehr nette Gastgeberin. Beate und ihre Familie waren sehr gastfreundlich und lieb zu uns.

    Das Zimmer hat alles was man braucht: Der Aufenthalt bei Beate hat uns sehr gut gefallen. Das Check-In und auch das Check-out haben problemlos funktioniert und wir wurden sehr freundlich von Beate und ihrem Mann empfangen.

    Die Zimmer waren sauber und ordentlich und wir hatten alles, was wir brauchten. Beate war sehr freundlich und nett! Sie hat mich sehr herzlich empfangen.

    Ich habe einen sehr angenehmen Aufenthalt gehabt. Immer wieder sehr gerne. It was all so lovely and clean, the bed was extremely comfortable.

    The house is in a great location and so near to the train station. Konstantin was so kind and helpful and let me stay another night.

    Konstantin is a very helpful and kind host. The house is a 5 star and we are very lucky to have him. The house is very nice and tidy. Hope we can stay there again.

    Konstantin is a friendly, reliable host. He has got good communication skills. I would recommend Konstantin to be your host due to location of his house football stadium and technical uni.

    Thank you very much for your nice hosting! Clean, spacey, has all the amenities needed, friendly and helpful host. The best value for money, undeniable.

    It was very clean and tidy. Konstantin was a great host and very helpful to any needs we had. Very hospitable and we were were offered a beer when we arrived which was a nice touch thank you!

    Would definitely stay here again also very close to the station which is always a bonus. Konstantin is a very hospitable and open host.

    He is very organized and helpful. Everything was ready for my arrival. House was very clean and comfortable.

    I would definitely recommend it! Great place and great host. Farag is a very friendly person and gave me great advice about the neighbourhood.

    The entrance is common and is made in Website hidden by Airbnb room is sunny and spacious. The place is super tidy and clean.

    Free parking right outside the door as well. I can definitely recommend it. Great value for the low price: It is however part of a bigger house, so be aware that the kitchen and bath may be shared though we were the only ones as far as we could see.

    Friendly and quick communication to top it off. Amina was very friendly and we had great time at the room she built at the attic of her new-built house with private bathroom.

    I stayed three nights at Amina and her husbands house. I want to recommend this accommodation as I found it to be very good as it had a friendly atmosphere and in very good order in every way.

    As it also was very close 2-minute walk to S-bahn with a direct-line into city center and Messe Essen it made it convenient for me.

    In Lidl close to S-bahn they had the food I wanted to buy. Big room, comfortable and clean. Bathroom very clean with all amenities and only for us, really nice shower.

    We would come back for sure. She was very friendly, accommedating and quick to answer all our enquiries. Her place is nice and clean.

    She has a quiet cute little kid, so its family friendly. He place is very warm. And there are multiple pillows and additional covers too.

    There is a Lidl supermarket 2 minutes away, right next to the underground station. Essen mainstation is 10 minutes underground ride away. Would stay at her place again.

    Location was nice, as there were many different food options just a few feet from the main entrance. Very conveniently located, easy check-in, good wifi, responsive host.

    The place is as it looks in the photos. Great location, reasonably priced payed parking around the corner, easy check-in system and great communication.

    Only would have been a bit better if the pillows where a bit more fluffy: We reserved for 2 people, but only got 1 towel, 1 cussion and a 1 persons blanket.

    Peter and Sigrid were great hosts. Check in was quick and we were allowed to arrive much later than planned.

    The room was cozy and Peter even brought us coffee in the morning. There is no cot and the heating goes off at night so your little one will be cold.

    The garden where we had breakfast was great. Peter was very communicative and accommodating. Peter and his wife had a lovely house and a spacious garden!

    We had a great time and had all the space we needed: The room was really clean and big enough for 2 persons. We had an easy and comfortable experience with our hosts.

    The house and bedroom were perfect, and were at a good location to town. We enjoyed getting to know Peter and Sigrid while they put on a wonderful breakfast for us.

    We had a very nice stay with Peter, Sigrid and Johannes. They are lovely hosts. In the morning they prepared a very good breakfast for us, with everything we could wish for.

    We had breakfast with them, which was very nice and gemuttlich: This was a super place to stay, and Peter and Sigrid made us feel completely at home.

    They are consummate hosts! This is a worthwhile stay and a worthwhile locale. Unfortunately I had to cancel the reservation.

    Tim and his co-host Saskia were super nice and understanding. I presume the stay would be lovely. Recommend this place to everyone -- the hosts are friendly, welcoming, and were very helpful.

    The place was clean and all of the residents at the house were kind and lovely to have a chat with. Tim is a very nice friendly host and the place is absolutely nice and quiet.

    I really enjoy my conversation with Tim as well as my stay in his house. I will come back if I travel nearby. The room is quite big and comfortable.

    The hosts very helpful if you need something. Connecion with a Dortmund really good and fast. Ich freue mich schon auf das zweite Wochenende bei Tim.

    Perfect place , which i recomend to everyone who is not sure where to spend one ,two or more days in Dortmund. Silke will give you all of the info you need: She also gave a great restaurant recommendation.

    Amazing place and amazing woman! Silke has a huge and lovely house, everything is cute and confortable! She did cooking for us, Silke is a such adorable and interesting woman!

    If we go again to Dortmund, we will go by her without any hesitation! We absolutely recomend her! Very nice clean house, and a very special treatment from Silke.

    I stayed there only for the game of Borussia, Silke took me with her in the car to the Stadium and brought me back at night.

    The next morning I got a breakfast with her, she is so lovely and after that she brought me right to the metro station with her car. Silke is a marvellous host and her house a treasure trove of interesting items.

    Silke was very welcoming and we enjoyed a most comfortable stay. House, room and facilities were very much as described.

    Recommended for all cat lovers! We would have no hesitation staying again. We could not recommend this house and host enough! Silke was absolutely incredible.

    With coffee waiting for us on arrival, a lift to the stadium for our tour and beers in the evening Silke made our trip magical.

    The house was beautiful, clean and has the coolest style! Thank you so much for going above and beyond! Our stay in Dortmund with Silke was very nice.

    Silke was kind and helped us with everything we needed. She also helped us before our arrival giving us some instructions and advices.

    We strongly recommend the stay at her house. Find Houses in Recklinghausen on Airbnb. Discover entire homes and private rooms perfect for any trip.

    Places to stay in Recklinghausen. Mitten im Herzen des Ruhrgebietes wohne ich in einem freistehendem, hellen Einfamilienhaus.

    Und ich teile es gerne mit lieben Menschen. Das Zimmer und Bad befinden sich im 1. The room is furnished with a 1,40m bed, a desk and a wardrobe.

    With the car it is only: Lot of parking available directly infront of the house. Or directly at each side of the house. Der Rundblick vom Obeliskenplateau, ist phantastisch.

    Das Wasserschloss liegt nahe der Hertener Innenstadt und ist von einem wunderbaren Park umgeben. Unser Haus ist in 3 Ebenen aufgeteilt.

    Das Badezimmer ist neu renoviert und in einem modernen Style gehalten. In der 2ten Etage befindet sich ein Ankleidezimmer mit einer Schlafcouch. In der dritten Etage ist das eigentliche Schlafzimmer.

    OG und liegt sehr ruhig aber dennoch nah an der City. Zur City sind es 15 Gehminuten. He was very kind and discreet! He provided us with the wifi password and was accessible throughout the stay Kane T Das Ferienhaus ist fertig geworden.

    Alle Attraktionen, wie z. Das WC ist seperat. Ebenso finden sie im EG ein Esszimmer mit einem kleinen Fernseher. Ebenso finden sie im OG noch ein WC.

    This is an automated posting. Fun People Promotion T Ferienhaus in Gelsenkirchen auf einem Bauernhof. Hier findet ihr ein Zuhause auf Zeit.

    Wenn etwas fehlen sollte, versuchen wir gerne zu helfen. Entfernungen mit dem Auto: Zollverein, Tetraeder, Himmelsleiter bequem mit dem Rad.

    Nice and clean apartment. Fast and the easyest chekin. The best Алекс T Bathroom a little too small! Der Raum hat einen kleinen Erker und drei Fenster, so dass er hell ist.

    Bei Bedarf habe ich auf Anfrage im selben Haus noch ein 2. Privatzimmer mit neuem, modernen Bad in einem gepflegten Einfamilienhaus.

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    Once again, thank you and we will not hesitate to inquire of your services. If asked where she lived, she reflected, must not she be able to answer with Christ, "The foxes have their lairs, the birds of heaven their nests, but I have no place to rest my head.

    Like Zacchaeus , we climbed a tree to see Jesus and now let us listen to what he is saying to us. Make haste to descend, I must lodge today at your house.

    Well, Jesus tells us to descend? She repeated how important respect for the Rule was: Each must act as if the perfection of the Order depended on her personal conduct.

    She said, "When you stop watching the infallible compass [of obedience], as quickly the mind wanders in arid lands where the water of grace is soon lacking.

    Over the next few years she revealed a talent for clarifying doctrine to those who had not received as much education as she. A kaleidoscope, whose three mirrors transform scraps of coloured paper into beautiful designs, provided an inspired illustration for the Holy Trinity.

    Jesus, who regards us through the little lens, that is to say, through Himself, always sees beauty in everything we do. But if we left the focus of inexpressible love, what would He see?

    Bits of straw … dirty, worthless actions". When I think how much I have to acquire! Jesus Himself will fill your soul with treasures in the same measure that you move your imperfections out of the way.

    It was an effective means of achieving interior poverty, a way to remove a place to rest her head" [66]. As a novice she would always have to ask permission of the other, full sisters.

    She would never be elected to any position of importance. Remaining closely associated with the other novices, she could continue to care for her spiritual charges.

    In Jules Michelet devoted the major part of the fifth volume of his History of France to a favourable presentation of the epic of Joan of Arc , the Maid of Orleans.

    But, by the end of , six full calendar years as a Carmelite made her realize how small and insignificant she was.

    She saw the limitations of all her efforts. She remained small and very far off from the unfailing love that she would wish to practice.

    From the Book of Isaiah As one whom the mother caresseth, so will I comfort you. It is only in Manuscript C of her autobiography that she gave to this discovery the name of little way, petite voie.

    I will seek out a means of getting to Heaven by a little way—very short and very straight, a little way that is wholly new. We live in an age of inventions; nowadays the rich need not trouble to climb the stairs, they have lifts instead.

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    In her quest for sanctity, she believed that it was not necessary to accomplish heroic acts, or great deeds , in order to attain holiness and to express her love of God.

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    This little way of Therese is the foundation of her spirituality. Sometimes, when I read spiritual treatises in which perfection is shown with a thousand obstacles, surrounded by a crowd of illusions, my poor little mind quickly tires.

    I close the learned book which is breaking my head and drying up my heart, and I take up Holy Scripture. Leaving to great souls, to great minds, the beautiful books I cannot understand, I rejoice to be little because only children, and those who are like them, will be admitted to the heavenly banquet.

    The theme of fire would assume an increasingly great place in her writings. In the evening of this life, I shall appear before You with empty hands, for I do not ask you lord to count my works..

    In the Oblation she wrote, " If through weakness I should chance to fall, may a glance from Your Eyes straightway cleanse my soul, and consume all my imperfections — as fire transforms all things into itself ".

    At age 14, she understood her vocation to pray for priests, to be "an apostle to apostles". In September , at her canonical examination before she professed her religious vows, she was asked why she had come to Carmel.

    She answered "I came to save souls, and especially to pray for priests". She wrote to her sister "Our mission as Carmelites is to form evangelical workers who will save thousands of souls whose mothers we shall be.

    It is she who consoles and warns, encourages and praises, answers questions, offers corroboration, and instructs the priests in the meaning of her little way ".

    After observing a rigorous Lenten fast in , she went to bed on the eve of Good Friday and felt a joyous sensation.

    I had scarcely laid my head upon the pillow when I felt something like a bubbling stream mounting to my lips. Coughing up of blood meant tuberculosis, and tuberculosis meant death.

    I was able to see that I was not mistaken. As a result of tuberculosis, she suffered terribly. When she was near death, "Her physical suffering kept increasing so that even the doctor himself was driven to exclaim, "Ah!

    If you only knew what this young nun was suffering! On August 19, , she received her last communion. She died on 30 September , aged On her death-bed, she is reported to have said, "I have reached the point of not being able to suffer any more, because all suffering is sweet to me.

    Her body was exhumed in September and the remains placed in a lead coffin and transferred to another tomb. It contains her ribcage and other remnants of her body.

    To the right and to the left, I throw to my little birds the good grain that God places in my hands. And then I let things take their course!

    I busy myself with it no more. But God tells me: She is approachable, due in part to her historical proximity.

    As a Doctor of the Church , she is the subject of much theological comment and study, and, as a young woman whose message has touched the lives of millions, she remains the focus of much popular devotion.

    During her life, the poem was sent to various religious communities and was included in a notebook of her poems. She also left letters, poems, religious plays, prayers, and her last conversations were recorded by her sisters.

    I have a horror of pretence", and she spoke out against some of the claims made concerning the lives of saints written in her day, "We should not say improbable things, or things we do not know.

    We must see their real, and not their imagined lives". In the face of her littleness she trusted to God her sanctity. She wanted to go to heaven by an entirely new little way.

    The elevator, she wrote, would be the arms of Jesus lifting her in all her littleness. The ceremony of taking the veil followed on the 24th, when she added to her name in religion, "of the Holy Face", a title which was to become increasingly important in the development and character of her inner life.

    In her poem "My Heaven down here" , composed in , Therese expressed the notion that by the divine union of love, the soul takes on the semblance of Christ.

    By contemplating the sufferings associated with the Holy Face of Jesus, she felt she could become closer to Christ.

    She pinned the prayer in a small container over her heart. In August , in her "Canticle to the Holy Face," she wrote: Ah, You know, Your sweet Face is for me Heaven on earth.

    My love discovers the charms of Your Face adorned with tears. I smile through my own tears when I contemplate Your sorrows.

    She wrote, " He sees it disfigured, covered with blood! And yet the divine Child does not tremble; this is what He chooses to show His love ".

    She composed the "Holy Face Prayer for Sinners", " Eternal Father, since Thou hast given me for my inheritance the adorable Face of Thy Divine Son, I offer that face to Thee and I beg Thee, in exchange for this coin of infinite value, to forget the ingratitude of souls dedicated to Thee and to pardon all poor sinners.

    It is a compilation of three separate manuscripts. The first, in is a memoir of her childhood, written under obedience to the Prioress, Mother Agnes of Jesus, her older sister Pauline.

    Mother Agnes gave the order after being prompted by their eldest sister, Sister Marie of the Sacred Heart. She authorized Pauline to make any changes deemed necessary.

    Aside from considerations of style, Mother Marie de Gonzague had ordered Pauline to alter the first two sections of the manuscript to make them appear as if they were addressed to Mother Marie as well.

    However, it received a much wider circulation, as copies were lent out and passed around. ICS Publications has issued a complete critical edition of her writings: Even when the images are poorly reproduced, her eyes arrest us.

    Described as blue, described as gray, they look darker in photographs. Taylor went on to become a significant proponent of devotion to "The Little Flower" in Scotland.

    Carfin became a site of pilgrimages. The impact of The Story of a Soul , a collection of her autobiographical manuscripts, printed and distributed a year after her death to an initially very limited audience, was significant.

    Pope Pius XI made her the "star of his pontificate". Pope Benedict XV , in order to hasten the process, dispensed with the usual fifty-year delay required between death and beatification.

    She was beatified on 29 April According to one account, "Ropes, lamps and tallows were pulled from the dusty storerooms where they had been packed away for 55 years.

    A few old workmen who remembered how it was done the last time — in — directed men for two weeks as they climbed about fastening lamps to St.

    According to the Times , over 60, people, estimated to be the largest crowd inside St. She rapidly became one of the most popular saints of the twentieth century.

    Her feast day was added to the General Roman Calendar in for celebration on October 3. She is also considered by Catholics to be the patron saint of Russia, [ citation needed ] although the Russian Orthodox Church does not recognize either her canonization or her patronage.

    Zelie and Louis Martin were the first spouses to be proposed for canonization as a couple and the first to be canonized together.

    In , the Archbishop of Milan accepted the unexpected cure of Pietro Schiliro, an Italian child born near Milan in with a lung disorder, as a miracle attributable to their intercession.

    Announced by Cardinal Saraiva Martins on 12 July , at the ceremonies marking the th anniversary of the marriage of the Venerable Zelie and Louis Martin , their beatification as a couple took place on 19 October , [] in Lisieux.

    On 21 May , the diocesan process to examine the miracle closed and the dossier was sent to the Congregation for the Causes of Saints in Rome.

    Leonie entered religious life three times before her fourth and final entrance in at the Monastery of the Visitation at Caen.

    She died in in Caen , [] where her tomb in the crypt of the Visitation Monastery has been visited by the public. The relics of St.

    They were brought to Ireland in the summer of Although Cardinal Basil Hume had declined to endorse proposals for a tour in , her relics finally visited England and Wales in late September and early October , including an overnight stop at the Anglican York Minster on her feast day, 1 October.

    A quarter of a million people venerated them. They remained in the country until October 5, The National Shrine of St.

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    The period from the start of World War I to the late s featured sharply polarized politics, Adolphe Thiers called republicanism in the s the form of government that divides France least, however, politics under the Third Republic were sharply polarized.

    On the left stood Reformist France, heir to the French Revolution, on the right stood conservative France, rooted in the peasantry, the Roman Catholic Church and the army.

    The deputies then selected General Louis-Jules Trochu to serve as its president and this first government of the Third Republic ruled during the Siege of Paris.

    After the French surrender in January , the provisional Government of National Defence disbanded, French territories occupied by Prussia at this time did not participate.

    The resulting conservative National Assembly elected Adolphe Thiers as head of a provisional government, due to the revolutionary and left-wing political climate that prevailed in the Parisian population, the right-wing government chose the royal palace of Versailles as its headquarters.

    The new government negotiated a settlement with the newly proclaimed German Empire. To prompt the Prussians to leave France, the government passed a variety of laws, such as the controversial Law of Maturities.

    The following repression of the communards would have consequences for the labor movement. Chambord believed the monarchy had to eliminate all traces of the Revolution in order to restore the unity between the monarchy and the nation, which the revolution had sundered apart.

    Compromise on this was if the nation were to be made whole again. Lisieux — Lisieux is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.

    It is the capital of the Pays dAuge area, which is characterised by valleys, the name of the town derives from the Latin Noviomagus Lexoviorum.

    Owing to the number of similarly-named cities, however, it was necessary to specify where this one was located.

    The local French demonym Lexoviens derives from the Latin as well, Lisieux was the capital of the Lexovii. In his work, Commentaries on the Gallic War, Caesar mentions a Gallic oppidum, the oppidum has been pinpointed to a place referred to as le Castellier, located 3 kilometers to the southwest of the town.

    However the Gallo-Roman city was in fact located where Lisieux is to be found today, Lisieux was an important center of power in medieval times.

    The bishopric of Lisieux controlled most of the Pays dAuge by the 12th century, the main judge of Joan of Arc, Pierre Cauchon, became a bishop of Lisieux after her death and is buried in the Lady Chapel of the cathedral.

    He commissioned the building of the chapel of the cathedral. Lisieux is situated on the confluence of the river Touques and many of its tributaries, the town is in the heart of the Pays dAuge, of which it is the capital.

    Lisieux is therefore surrounded by Normandys typical hedged farmland, where there is a mix of livestock farming, Lisieux has a temperate oceanic humid climate.

    Calvados department — Calvados is a department in the Normandy region in northwestern France. It takes its name from a cluster of rocks off the English Channel coast, Calvados is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March It was created from a part of the province of Normandy.

    It is more likely, however, that the name Calvados was derived from calva dorsa, meaning bare backs, after the allied victory at Waterloo the department was occupied by Prussian troops between June and November On 6 June , the Allied forces landed on the beaches of the Bay of the Seine in what known as the Battle of Normandy.

    Calvados belongs to the region of Normandy and is surrounded by the departments of Seine-Maritime, Eure, Orne, to the north is the Baie de la Seine, part of the English Channel.

    The most notable places in Calvados include Deauville and the formerly elegant 19th-century casino resorts of the coast, agriculture dominates the economy of Calvados.

    One of the advantage of Calvados is to be fairly near large urban centers, Calvados is therefore often preferred for holidays and for weekends and sometimes considered as the countryside of Paris.

    Calvados, via the port of Ouistreham, is an entrance to the continent from Britain, there are two airports, Caen-Carpiquet and Deauville-Saint Gatien.

    He was the first sovereign of Vatican City from its creation as an independent state on 11 February and he took as his papal motto, Pax Christi in Regno Christi, translated The Peace of Christ in the Kingdom of Christ.

    During his pontificate, the hostility with the Italian government over the status of the papacy. Pius XI created the feast of Christ the King in response to anti-clericalism and he took a strong interest in fostering the participation of lay people throughout the Catholic Church, especially in the Catholic Action movement.

    The end of his pontificate was dominated by speaking out against Hitler and Mussolini and defending the Catholic Church from intrusions into Catholic life and he died on 10 February in the Apostolic Palace and is buried in the Papal Grotto of Saint Peters Basilica.

    In the course of excavating space for his tomb, two levels of burial grounds were uncovered which revealed bones now venerated as the bones of St.

    Achille Ratti was born in Desio, in the province of Milan, in and he was ordained a priest in and embarked on an academic career within the Church.

    He obtained three doctorates at the Gregorian University in Rome, and then from to was a professor at the seminary in Padua and his scholarly specialty was as an expert paleographer, a student of ancient and medieval Church manuscripts.

    Eventually, he left teaching to work full-time at the Ambrosian Library in Milan. During this time, he edited and published an edition of the Ambrosian Missal and he became chief of the Library in and undertook a thorough programme of restoration and re-classification of the Ambrosians collection.

    He was also a mountaineer in his spare time, reaching the summits of Monte Rosa. The combination of a pope would not be seen again until the pontificate of John Paul II.

    In , at Pope Pius Xs invitation, he moved to the Vatican to become Vice-Prefect of the Vatican Library, in October , Benedict was the first head of state to congratulate the Polish people on the occasion of the restoration of their independence.

    In March , he nominated ten new bishops and, soon after, Ratti was consecrated as a titular archbishop in October Benedict XV and Nuncio Ratti repeatedly cautioned Polish authorities against persecuting the Lithuanian and Ruthenian clergy, Ratti intended to work for Poland by building bridges to men of goodwill in the Soviet Union, even to shedding his blood for Russia.

    Benedict, however, needed Ratti as a diplomat, not as a martyr, the nuncios continued contacts with Russians did not generate much sympathy for him within Poland at the time.

    After Pope Benedict sent Ratti to Silesia to forestall potential political agitation within the Polish Catholic clergy, on 20 November, when German Cardinal Adolf Bertram announced a papal ban on all political activities of clergymen, calls for Rattis expulsion climaxed.

    Shrine — A shrine is a holy or sacred place, which is dedicated to a specific deity, ancestor, hero, martyr, saint, daemon, or similar figure of awe and respect, at which they are venerated or worshipped.

    Shrines often contain idols, relics, or other objects associated with the figure being venerated.

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    It is she who consoles and warns, encourages and praises, answers questions, offers corroboration, and instructs the priests in the meaning of her little way ".

    After observing a rigorous Lenten fast in , she went to bed on the eve of Good Friday and felt a joyous sensation.

    I had scarcely laid my head upon the pillow when I felt something like a bubbling stream mounting to my lips. Coughing up of blood meant tuberculosis, and tuberculosis meant death.

    I was able to see that I was not mistaken. As a result of tuberculosis, she suffered terribly. When she was near death, "Her physical suffering kept increasing so that even the doctor himself was driven to exclaim, "Ah!

    If you only knew what this young nun was suffering! On August 19, , she received her last communion. She died on 30 September , aged On her death-bed, she is reported to have said, "I have reached the point of not being able to suffer any more, because all suffering is sweet to me.

    Her body was exhumed in September and the remains placed in a lead coffin and transferred to another tomb.

    It contains her ribcage and other remnants of her body. To the right and to the left, I throw to my little birds the good grain that God places in my hands.

    And then I let things take their course! I busy myself with it no more. But God tells me: She is approachable, due in part to her historical proximity.

    As a Doctor of the Church , she is the subject of much theological comment and study, and, as a young woman whose message has touched the lives of millions, she remains the focus of much popular devotion.

    During her life, the poem was sent to various religious communities and was included in a notebook of her poems. She also left letters, poems, religious plays, prayers, and her last conversations were recorded by her sisters.

    I have a horror of pretence", and she spoke out against some of the claims made concerning the lives of saints written in her day, "We should not say improbable things, or things we do not know.

    We must see their real, and not their imagined lives". In the face of her littleness she trusted to God her sanctity. She wanted to go to heaven by an entirely new little way.

    The elevator, she wrote, would be the arms of Jesus lifting her in all her littleness. The ceremony of taking the veil followed on the 24th, when she added to her name in religion, "of the Holy Face", a title which was to become increasingly important in the development and character of her inner life.

    In her poem "My Heaven down here" , composed in , Therese expressed the notion that by the divine union of love, the soul takes on the semblance of Christ.

    By contemplating the sufferings associated with the Holy Face of Jesus, she felt she could become closer to Christ. She pinned the prayer in a small container over her heart.

    In August , in her "Canticle to the Holy Face," she wrote: Ah, You know, Your sweet Face is for me Heaven on earth. My love discovers the charms of Your Face adorned with tears.

    I smile through my own tears when I contemplate Your sorrows. She wrote, " He sees it disfigured, covered with blood!

    And yet the divine Child does not tremble; this is what He chooses to show His love ". She composed the "Holy Face Prayer for Sinners", " Eternal Father, since Thou hast given me for my inheritance the adorable Face of Thy Divine Son, I offer that face to Thee and I beg Thee, in exchange for this coin of infinite value, to forget the ingratitude of souls dedicated to Thee and to pardon all poor sinners.

    It is a compilation of three separate manuscripts. The first, in is a memoir of her childhood, written under obedience to the Prioress, Mother Agnes of Jesus, her older sister Pauline.

    Mother Agnes gave the order after being prompted by their eldest sister, Sister Marie of the Sacred Heart. She authorized Pauline to make any changes deemed necessary.

    Aside from considerations of style, Mother Marie de Gonzague had ordered Pauline to alter the first two sections of the manuscript to make them appear as if they were addressed to Mother Marie as well.

    However, it received a much wider circulation, as copies were lent out and passed around. ICS Publications has issued a complete critical edition of her writings: Even when the images are poorly reproduced, her eyes arrest us.

    Described as blue, described as gray, they look darker in photographs. Taylor went on to become a significant proponent of devotion to "The Little Flower" in Scotland.

    Carfin became a site of pilgrimages. The impact of The Story of a Soul , a collection of her autobiographical manuscripts, printed and distributed a year after her death to an initially very limited audience, was significant.

    Pope Pius XI made her the "star of his pontificate". Pope Benedict XV , in order to hasten the process, dispensed with the usual fifty-year delay required between death and beatification.

    She was beatified on 29 April According to one account, "Ropes, lamps and tallows were pulled from the dusty storerooms where they had been packed away for 55 years.

    A few old workmen who remembered how it was done the last time — in — directed men for two weeks as they climbed about fastening lamps to St.

    According to the Times , over 60, people, estimated to be the largest crowd inside St. She rapidly became one of the most popular saints of the twentieth century.

    Her feast day was added to the General Roman Calendar in for celebration on October 3. She is also considered by Catholics to be the patron saint of Russia, [ citation needed ] although the Russian Orthodox Church does not recognize either her canonization or her patronage.

    Zelie and Louis Martin were the first spouses to be proposed for canonization as a couple and the first to be canonized together. In , the Archbishop of Milan accepted the unexpected cure of Pietro Schiliro, an Italian child born near Milan in with a lung disorder, as a miracle attributable to their intercession.

    Announced by Cardinal Saraiva Martins on 12 July , at the ceremonies marking the th anniversary of the marriage of the Venerable Zelie and Louis Martin , their beatification as a couple took place on 19 October , [] in Lisieux.

    On 21 May , the diocesan process to examine the miracle closed and the dossier was sent to the Congregation for the Causes of Saints in Rome.

    Leonie entered religious life three times before her fourth and final entrance in at the Monastery of the Visitation at Caen.

    She died in in Caen , [] where her tomb in the crypt of the Visitation Monastery has been visited by the public. The relics of St. They were brought to Ireland in the summer of Although Cardinal Basil Hume had declined to endorse proposals for a tour in , her relics finally visited England and Wales in late September and early October , including an overnight stop at the Anglican York Minster on her feast day, 1 October.

    A quarter of a million people venerated them. They remained in the country until October 5, The National Shrine of St.

    The Basilica of St. The basilica can seat 3, people. Orne — Orne is a department in the northwest of France, named after the river Orne.

    Orne is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution, on 4 March and it was created from parts of the former provinces of Normandy and Perche.

    There are no industrial centres, agriculture remains the economic focus of Orne. The inhabitants of the department are called Ornais, the recorded population level peaked at , in Camembert, the village where Camembert cheese is made, is located in Orne, the local dialect is known as Augeron.

    French Third Republic — It came to an end on 10 July Harsh reparations exacted by the Prussians after the war resulted in the loss of the French regions of Alsace and Lorraine, social upheaval, and the establishment of the Paris Commune.

    The early governments of the Third Republic considered re-establishing the monarchy, but confusion as to the nature of that monarchy, thus, the Third Republic, which was originally intended as a provisional government, instead became the permanent government of France.

    The French Constitutional Laws of defined the composition of the Third Republic and it consisted of a Chamber of Deputies and a Senate to form the legislative branch of government and a president to serve as head of state.

    The period from the start of World War I to the late s featured sharply polarized politics, Adolphe Thiers called republicanism in the s the form of government that divides France least, however, politics under the Third Republic were sharply polarized.

    On the left stood Reformist France, heir to the French Revolution, on the right stood conservative France, rooted in the peasantry, the Roman Catholic Church and the army.

    The deputies then selected General Louis-Jules Trochu to serve as its president and this first government of the Third Republic ruled during the Siege of Paris.

    After the French surrender in January , the provisional Government of National Defence disbanded, French territories occupied by Prussia at this time did not participate.

    The resulting conservative National Assembly elected Adolphe Thiers as head of a provisional government, due to the revolutionary and left-wing political climate that prevailed in the Parisian population, the right-wing government chose the royal palace of Versailles as its headquarters.

    The new government negotiated a settlement with the newly proclaimed German Empire. To prompt the Prussians to leave France, the government passed a variety of laws, such as the controversial Law of Maturities.

    The following repression of the communards would have consequences for the labor movement. Chambord believed the monarchy had to eliminate all traces of the Revolution in order to restore the unity between the monarchy and the nation, which the revolution had sundered apart.

    Compromise on this was if the nation were to be made whole again. Lisieux — Lisieux is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.

    It is the capital of the Pays dAuge area, which is characterised by valleys, the name of the town derives from the Latin Noviomagus Lexoviorum.

    Owing to the number of similarly-named cities, however, it was necessary to specify where this one was located.

    The local French demonym Lexoviens derives from the Latin as well, Lisieux was the capital of the Lexovii.

    In his work, Commentaries on the Gallic War, Caesar mentions a Gallic oppidum, the oppidum has been pinpointed to a place referred to as le Castellier, located 3 kilometers to the southwest of the town.

    However the Gallo-Roman city was in fact located where Lisieux is to be found today, Lisieux was an important center of power in medieval times.

    The bishopric of Lisieux controlled most of the Pays dAuge by the 12th century, the main judge of Joan of Arc, Pierre Cauchon, became a bishop of Lisieux after her death and is buried in the Lady Chapel of the cathedral.

    He commissioned the building of the chapel of the cathedral. Lisieux is situated on the confluence of the river Touques and many of its tributaries, the town is in the heart of the Pays dAuge, of which it is the capital.

    Lisieux is therefore surrounded by Normandys typical hedged farmland, where there is a mix of livestock farming, Lisieux has a temperate oceanic humid climate.

    Calvados department — Calvados is a department in the Normandy region in northwestern France. It takes its name from a cluster of rocks off the English Channel coast, Calvados is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March It was created from a part of the province of Normandy.

    It is more likely, however, that the name Calvados was derived from calva dorsa, meaning bare backs, after the allied victory at Waterloo the department was occupied by Prussian troops between June and November On 6 June , the Allied forces landed on the beaches of the Bay of the Seine in what known as the Battle of Normandy.

    Calvados belongs to the region of Normandy and is surrounded by the departments of Seine-Maritime, Eure, Orne, to the north is the Baie de la Seine, part of the English Channel.

    The most notable places in Calvados include Deauville and the formerly elegant 19th-century casino resorts of the coast, agriculture dominates the economy of Calvados.

    One of the advantage of Calvados is to be fairly near large urban centers, Calvados is therefore often preferred for holidays and for weekends and sometimes considered as the countryside of Paris.

    Calvados, via the port of Ouistreham, is an entrance to the continent from Britain, there are two airports, Caen-Carpiquet and Deauville-Saint Gatien.

    He was the first sovereign of Vatican City from its creation as an independent state on 11 February and he took as his papal motto, Pax Christi in Regno Christi, translated The Peace of Christ in the Kingdom of Christ.

    During his pontificate, the hostility with the Italian government over the status of the papacy. Pius XI created the feast of Christ the King in response to anti-clericalism and he took a strong interest in fostering the participation of lay people throughout the Catholic Church, especially in the Catholic Action movement.

    The end of his pontificate was dominated by speaking out against Hitler and Mussolini and defending the Catholic Church from intrusions into Catholic life and he died on 10 February in the Apostolic Palace and is buried in the Papal Grotto of Saint Peters Basilica.

    In the course of excavating space for his tomb, two levels of burial grounds were uncovered which revealed bones now venerated as the bones of St.

    Achille Ratti was born in Desio, in the province of Milan, in and he was ordained a priest in and embarked on an academic career within the Church.

    He obtained three doctorates at the Gregorian University in Rome, and then from to was a professor at the seminary in Padua and his scholarly specialty was as an expert paleographer, a student of ancient and medieval Church manuscripts.

    Eventually, he left teaching to work full-time at the Ambrosian Library in Milan. During this time, he edited and published an edition of the Ambrosian Missal and he became chief of the Library in and undertook a thorough programme of restoration and re-classification of the Ambrosians collection.

    He was also a mountaineer in his spare time, reaching the summits of Monte Rosa. The combination of a pope would not be seen again until the pontificate of John Paul II.

    In , at Pope Pius Xs invitation, he moved to the Vatican to become Vice-Prefect of the Vatican Library, in October , Benedict was the first head of state to congratulate the Polish people on the occasion of the restoration of their independence.

    In March , he nominated ten new bishops and, soon after, Ratti was consecrated as a titular archbishop in October Benedict XV and Nuncio Ratti repeatedly cautioned Polish authorities against persecuting the Lithuanian and Ruthenian clergy, Ratti intended to work for Poland by building bridges to men of goodwill in the Soviet Union, even to shedding his blood for Russia.

    Benedict, however, needed Ratti as a diplomat, not as a martyr, the nuncios continued contacts with Russians did not generate much sympathy for him within Poland at the time.

    After Pope Benedict sent Ratti to Silesia to forestall potential political agitation within the Polish Catholic clergy, on 20 November, when German Cardinal Adolf Bertram announced a papal ban on all political activities of clergymen, calls for Rattis expulsion climaxed.

    Shrine — A shrine is a holy or sacred place, which is dedicated to a specific deity, ancestor, hero, martyr, saint, daemon, or similar figure of awe and respect, at which they are venerated or worshipped.

    Shrines often contain idols, relics, or other objects associated with the figure being venerated. A shrine at which offerings are made is called an altar.

    Shrines can be found in various settings, such as churches, temples, cemeteries, or in the home, a shrine may become a focus of a cult image.

    Many shrines are located buildings and in the temples designed specifically for worship, such as a church in Christianity. A shrine here is usually the centre of attention in the building, in such cases, adherents of the faith assemble within the building in order to venerate the deity at the shrine.

    In classical temple architecture, the shrine may be synonymous with the cella, historically, in Hinduism, Buddhism and Roman Catholicism, and also in modern faiths, such as Neopaganism, a shrine can commonly be found within the home or shop.

    This shrine is usually a structure or a setup of pictures and figurines dedicated to a deity that is part of the official religion. Small household shrines are common among the Chinese and people from South and Southeast Asia, whether Hindu.

    Usually a small lamp and small offerings are kept daily by the shrine, Buddhist household shrines must be on a shelf above the head, Chinese shrines must stand directly on the floor.

    Small outdoor yard shrines are found at the bottom of many gardens, following various religions, including historically. Shrines are found in most, though not all, religions, Shrines therefore attract the practice of pilgrimage.

    Shrines are found in many, though not all, forms of Christianity, Roman Catholicism, the largest denomination of Christianity, has many shrines, as do Orthodox Christianity and Anglicanism.

    For a shrine to be described as national, the approval of the Episcopal Conference is necessary, for it to be described as international, the approval of the Holy See is required.

    Another use of the shrine in colloquial Catholic terminology is a niche or alcove in most — especially larger — churches used by parishioners when praying privately in the church.

    They were also called Devotional Altars, since they could look like small Side Altars or bye-altars, Shrines were always centered on some image of Christ or a saint — for instance, a statue, painting, mural or mosaic, and may have had a reredos behind them.

    However, Mass would not be celebrated at them, they were used to aid or give a visual focus for prayers. Side altars, where Mass could actually be celebrated, were used in a way to shrines by parishioners.

    Saint symbolism — Christianity has used symbolism from its very beginnings. Each saint has a story and a reason why he or she led an exemplary life, symbols have been used to tell these stories throughout the history of the Church.

    A number of Christian saints are traditionally represented by a symbol or iconic motif associated with their life, termed an attribute or emblem, the study of these forms part of iconography in art history.

    They were particularly used so that the illiterate could recognize a scene and they are often carried in the hand by the Saint. Attributes often vary with time or geography, especially between Eastern Christianity and the West.

    Orthodox images more often contained inscriptions with the names of saints, many of the most prominent saints, like Saint Peter and Saint John the Evangelist can also be recognised by a distinctive facial type — as can Christ.

    Some attributes are general, such as the palm frond carried by martyrs, the use of a symbol in a work of art depicting a Saint reminds people who is being shown and of their story.

    The older branch of the order, Carmelites of the Ancient Observance, has the initials O. Carm, the secular branch of the order, has the initials O.

    The Discalced Carmelites are men and women, in religious consecration and lay people, the Carmelite nuns live in cloistered monasteries and follow a completely contemplative life.

    The Carmelite friars while following a contemplative life also engage in the promotion of spirituality through their centres, parishes and churches.

    Lay people, known as the Secular Order, follow their contemplative call in their everyday activities, devotion to the Virgin Mary is a characteristic of Carmelites and is symbolised by wearing the brown scapular.

    Carmelites trace their roots and their name to Mount Carmel in the Holy Land, there, in the 13th century, a band of European men gathered together to live a simple life of prayer.

    The first Carmelites came as pilgrims to Mount Carmel to live a solitary life-style and these early hermits were mostly laity, who lived an unofficial religious life of poverty, penance and prayer.

    Between and , St. Albert, Patriarch of Jerusalem, brought the hermits on Mount Carmel together, at their request, into community.

    He wrote them a formula for living, which expressed their own intention and reflected the spirit of the pilgrimage to the Holy Land and they were also inspired by the prophet Elijah who had been associated with Mount Carmel.

    That influence can be seen by the words of Elijah, I have been zealous for the Lord. Within fifty years of receiving their rule the Carmelite hermits were forced to leave Mount Carmel, although Carmel itself contributed a number of gifted and respected humanists, the trend which started out as a good thing occasioned a general decline in religious fervor.

    This factor, coupled with the decimation of the population and severe economic hardships, had a demoralizing effect, many Carmelites and even whole communities succumbed to contemporary attitudes and conditions diametrically opposed to their original vocation.

    To meet this situation the Rule was mitigated several times, consequently, the Carmelites bore less and less resemblance to the first hermits of Mount Carmel.

    Teresa of Avila considered the surest way to prayer to be a return to the Primitive Rule embodying Carmels authentic vocation, on 24 August , the new Convent of St.

    In addition to this, St. Teresa envisioned a fully dedicated to poverty. Working in close collaboration with St.

    Crucifix — A crucifix is an image of Jesus on the cross, as distinct from a bare cross. The representation of Jesus himself on the cross is referred to in English as the corpus, the crucifix is a principal symbol for many groups of Christians, and one of the most common forms of the Crucifixion in the arts.

    The symbol is less common in churches of other Protestant denominations, the crucifix emphasizes Jesus sacrifice — his death by crucifixion, which Christians believe brought about the redemption of mankind.

    Most crucifixes portray Jesus on a Latin cross, rather than any other shape, Western crucifixes usually have a three-dimensional corpus, but in Eastern Orthodoxy Jesus body is normally painted on the cross, or in low relief.

    Strictly speaking, to be a crucifix, the cross must be three-dimensional, an entire painting of the Crucifixion of Jesus including a landscape background and other figures is not a crucifix either.

    Large crucifixes high across the axis of a church are known by the Old English term rood. By the late Middle Ages these were a feature of Western churches.

    The standard, four-pointed Latin crucifix consists of an upright post or stipes, there may also be a short projecting nameplate, showing the letters INRI.

    The corpus of Eastern crucifixes is normally a two-dimensional or low relief icon that shows Jesus as already dead, his face peaceful, more sculptural small crucifixes in metal relief are also used in Orthodoxy, including as pectoral crosses and blessing crosses.

    Western crucifixes may show Christ dead or alive, the presence of the wound in his ribs traditionally indicating that he is dead.

    In either case his face very often shows his suffering, in Orthodoxy he has normally been shown as dead since around the end of the period of Byzantine Iconoclasm.

    Eastern crucifixes have Jesus two feet nailed side by side, rather than crossed one above the other, as Western crucifixes have shown them since around the 13th century.

    The crown of thorns is also absent in Eastern crucifixes, since the emphasis is not on Christs suffering.

    The S-shaped position of Jesus body on the cross is a Byzantine innovation of the late 10th century, probably more from Byzantine influence, it spread elsewhere in the West, especially to Italy, by the Romanesque period, though it was more usual in painting than sculpted crucifixes.

    Its in Italy that the emphasis was put on Jesus suffering and realistic details, during the 13th century the suffering Italian model triumphed over the traditional Byzantine one anywhere in Europe also due to the works of artists such as Giunta Pisano and Cimabue.

    Since the Renaissance the S-shape is generally less pronounced. He may be robed as a prophet, crowned as a king, on some crucifixes a skull and crossbones are shown below the corpus, referring to Golgotha, the site at which Jesus was crucified, which the Gospels say means in Hebrew the place of the skull.

    Very large crucifixes have been built, the largest being the Cross in the Woods in Michigan, prayer in front of a crucifix, which is seen as a sacramental, is often part of devotion for Christians, especially those worshipping in a church, and also privately.

    Rose — A rose is a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosa, in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears. There are over a species and thousands of cultivars.

    They form a group of plants that can be erect shrubs, flowers vary in size and shape and are usually large and showy, in colours ranging from white through yellows and reds.

    Most species are native to Asia, with smaller numbers native to Europe, North America, species, cultivars and hybrids are all widely grown for their beauty and often are fragrant.

    Roses have acquired cultural significance in many societies, Rose plants range in size from compact, miniature roses, to climbers that can reach seven meters in height.

    Different species hybridize easily, and this has used in the development of the wide range of garden roses. The leaves are borne alternately on the stem, most roses are deciduous but a few are evergreen or nearly so.

    The flowers of most species have five petals, with the exception of Rosa sericea, each petal is divided into two distinct lobes and is usually white or pink, though in a few species yellow or red.

    Beneath the petals are five sepals and these may be long enough to be visible when viewed from above and appear as green points alternating with the rounded petals.

    There are multiple superior ovaries that develop into achenes, the aggregate fruit of the rose is a berry-like structure called a rose hip.

    Many of the domestic cultivars do not produce hips, as the flowers are so tightly petalled that they do not provide access for pollination, the hips of most species are red, but a few have dark purple to black hips.

    Each hip comprises an outer layer, the hypanthium, which contains 5— seeds embedded in a matrix of fine. Rose hips of some species, especially the dog rose and rugosa rose, are rich in vitamin C.

    The hips are eaten by fruit-eating birds such as thrushes and waxwings, some birds, particularly finches, also eat the seeds.

    While the sharp objects along a stem are commonly called thorns. Rose prickles are typically sickle-shaped hooks, which aid the rose in hanging onto other vegetation growing over it.

    Despite the presence of prickles, roses are frequently browsed by deer, a few species of roses have only vestigial prickles that have no points.

    Hesperrhodos contains Rosa minutifolia and Rosa stellata, from North America, platyrhodon with one species from east Asia, Rosa roxburghii.

    The gardens cover approximately 23 hectares which is most of the Vatican Hill, the highest point is 60 metres above mean sea level.

    Stone walls bound the area in the North, South and West, the gardens and parks were established during the Renaissance and Baroque era and are decorated with fountains and sculptures.

    There is no public access, but guided tours are available to limited numbers. The gardens also enshrine 15 Marian images venerated worldwide at the designation of the Roman Pontiff, the gardens date back to medieval times when orchards and vineyards extended to the north of the Papal Apostolic Palace.

    The site received a major re-landscaping at the beginning of the 16th century, donato Bramantes original design was then split into three new courtyards, the Cortili del Belvedere, the della Biblioteca and the della Pigna in the Renaissance landscape design style.

    Also in Renaissance style, a great rectangular Labyrinth, formal in design, set in boxwood and framed with Italian stone pines, in place of Nicholas IIIs enclosure, Bramante built a great rectilinear defensive wall.

    There are a variety of fountains cooling the gardens, sculptures, an artificial grotto devoted to Our Lady of Lourdes, and an olive tree donated by the government of Israel.

    Current and historical layouts] Official website The Vatican, spirit and art of Christian Rome, a book from The Metropolitan Museum of Art Libraries, which contains material on the gardens.

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other similarly named saints, see List of saints named Teresa. People by era or century.

    Aspects of meditation Orationis Formas , This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

    Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. October Learn how and when to remove this template message. Solar monstrance of the Eucharist.

    Carmelite Rule of St. Archived from the original on The Pocket Guide to the Saints 1st paperback ed. Retrieved 29 May Retrieved May 29, Retrieved 13 October A Study of St.

    The Way to Love , p. A Penguin Life , Penguin, p. The Imitation of Christ. The Letters of St. Translated by John Clarke. Story of a Soul: Translated by John Clarke, O.

    Institute of Carmelite Studies Publications. The Autobiography of St. Retrieved 22 June The Power of Confidence. Alba House Society of Saint Paul. The making of a social disease: University of California Press.

    Therese ", The New York Times. Prophets, Guardians, and Saints: Shapers of Modern Catholic History. Retrieved 24 May Robert Appleton Company, Voices, Visions, and Apparitions.

    Retrieved 6 June The Life of Edith Piaf. Retrieved 30 October Retrieved 14 July Archived from the original on 13 March Retrieved 8 November Archived from the original on 22 December Retrieved 19 December Once again, thank you and we will not hesitate to inquire of your services.

    On behalf of T. The drivers were very professional and they made everyone feel comfortable on the bus ride there and back.

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